Learn the science behind it – How moisture impacts building foundation
When the durability and stability of your home’s foundation are under consideration, it’s imperative to maintain control over moisture levels. Moisture plays a significant role in influencing your foundation; it can give rise to various problems that may jeopardize your property’s structural integrity. This article highlights the effects of moisture on your foundation and what you can do to prevent it.
Impacts of Moisture on Your Foundation
Understanding how moisture affects your foundation is essential for early identification and mitigation. Here are several typical problems resulting from excessive moisture:
- Fluctuations in moisture cause the soil surrounding your foundation to expand and contract, exerting pressure on foundation walls and resulting in cracks. When the weather is mild and wet, the soil absorbs water and becomes saturated. The swollen and wet soil becomes heavy under your home’s foundation.
This expansion of soil gives rise to cracks in the basement floor, drywall, and the foundation in general. The rigid surfaces are the first ones to show signs of trouble. The expansion and movement of the soil around these structures exert stress, causing them to crack.
- Moisture-induced soil movement may lead to uneven foundation settling, causing your home to become unlevel, leading to sloping floors and doors that no longer fit properly.
Mold and Mildew Growth
- Excessive moisture creates an environment optimal for mold and mildew growth in basements or crawl spaces. This impacts indoor air quality and poses health risks for your family.
Basement and Crawl Space Flooding
- Inadequate drainage and soil erosion increase the risk of basement or crawl space flooding during heavy rains, causing further harm to your foundation and belongings.
Solutions for Foundation Problems
- Maintaining a consistent moisture level will help prevent several water-related damages. Here are a few steps you can take to prevent foundational problems:
Effective Drainage System
- Install a well-functioning drainage system to address moisture-related issues. Install gutters along the roof’s eaves to collect rainwater and direct it away from the foundation. Ensure downspouts extend six feet from the house to prevent water accumulation near the foundation.
In addition, a French drain, composed of gravel or a perforated pipe, effectively redirects water away from your foundation, making it an ideal solution for properties prone to water buildup.
- Foundation waterproofing is an effective strategy to create a moisture barrier, protecting your foundation from water. Here are some foundation waterproofing methods:
- This method involves using waterproof coatings or membranes to the outside of foundation walls, forming a barrier against water penetration.
- Interior waterproofing involves the application of sealants and coatings to the inner surfaces of foundation walls, providing an additional layer of protection against moisture.
- In specific instances, an interior drainage system, like a perimeter drain, may be installed to gather and redirect water away from the foundation’s interior.
- Regular inspections conducted by professionals with expertise in foundation maintenance and repair play a vital role in the early identification of moisture-related problems. Here’s why these inspections are essential:
- Professionals are trained to recognize moisture-related damage indicators, including cracks, settling, or water infiltration, well before these issues escalate into more extensive and expensive repairs.
- Foundation specialists can offer personalized recommendations and solutions tailored to the concerns identified during their inspections.
Peace of Mind
- Regular inspections offer homeowners a sense of security, assuring them that their foundation is under the vigilant care of qualified professionals, thus contributing to their peace of mind.
If you have noticed cracks in your foundation, call us at (877) 727-2259. Our experts from Crack-X will assess the damage and provide necessary foundation repairs. Crack-X is a structural repair company located in Maine and New Hampshire.